admin 发表于 2021-8-19 08:21:17

TrueNAS安装教程

TrueNAS®是一个旨在通过网络实现数据存储、保护和共享最有效、最省时的操作系统。如果你想要为你的数据找到一个安全、集中且易于访问的存放位置,那么它是最简单的方法。
第一部分 · 制作启动盘
软件:UltraISO
1、按快捷键 Ctrl+O 打开官网下载的镜像文件
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/bb937eb4f379e6c7f1ea43d6e7264b3ee9ebf5c5.png@942w_690h_progressive.webp
2、打开后,制作启动盘
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/79d5085b739ee19e05c83464cf0f5beb09a7ba7b.png@942w_693h_progressive.webp
3、选择U盘制作启动盘,写入方式为RAW

      PS:写入方式为ZIP+ 或 HDD+ 可能会导致不能正常识别


https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/ae1945dc40d760498b1a82636b1cc2b78b4a24e1.png@815w_747h_progressive.webp
第二部分 · 安装镜像
1、Boot菜单,不用管,直接回车进入安装菜单
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/0e9d86a4e2938e3ecd7d54b54dd1a61999011f0f.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
2、控制台菜单

      1 - 安装/升级

      2 - 萌新退散

      3 - 重启

      4 - 关机

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/8cf4f5df2f32d8d33974c0f9bf960fae05c7f40d.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
3、提示内存小于8G,内存大于8G不会看到此提示,选择Yes即可
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/2da00b069aa47727b865b2b0854802af5f9074a0.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
4、硬盘选择,按 空格 选择安装系统的硬盘
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/7b2b12b1d681fda6391286bc726c4df35d92694e.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
5、数据清除提醒,不管,下一个
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/9f638f803da770ca907aa37ee8910ee20ba21e14.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
6、输入 root 密码
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/e35a0d6e67f5beb35a5a80a1794697805a8ca2d0.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
7、选择启动模式

    旧主板选择BIOS模式,近几年的主板选择UEFI

    若选择了UEFI开机后找不到引导,查看主板开启UEFI没,若不支持,重装选择BIOS模式

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/562f396fe8116816561397b55951686494984681.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
8、安装完成,下一步
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/50ba7e88f8c769dd72ab3134458c8c2baf401231.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
9、选择 3 重启系统
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/a31e85cef5f67b2c28fc3eaaaa4f1b48f5db1bda.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
第三部分 · 首次进入的配置

重启后,经过漫长的等待等来下图画面

1、选择 1 进入网口设置

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/630a21933226695233bd26972ef2b0887ce51114.png@942w_524h_progressive.webp
2、选择要配置的网卡,大部分人都只有一张卡,选1即可

3、是否删除网卡配置,第一次配置,选 n

4、是否开启DHCP,什么是DHCP,自己百度,个人建议不开,手动配置IP

5、配置IPV4y

6、设置网卡名称 em0-0(自己随意)

7、Ipv4地址:192.168.106.55(不要跟着我填,抄我保你连不上)

   这里一般家庭是192.168.1.2~254 自己随便写一个110啥的就可以了

       记住你的IP,后面要用

8、netmask 子网掩码 :255.255.255.0

9、配置ipv6:n(懂这个的不用我教了吧)

10、配置故障转移 n

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/8632b1ec7c036786fa5f056e51a57a1cc74005aa.png@942w_530h_progressive.webp
第四部分 · Web端配置

上面配置完了,打开浏览器,输入你配置的IP

进入用户界面,用户root,密码***

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/976c974a90db8d29d29a3b0392cad8227a08c21d.png@942w_512h_progressive.webp
1 System - General - language

选择 Simplified Chinese配置语言为简体中文 ,save保存

https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/90175155352dc57fef9cc5d26a396c1942c2b74e.png@942w_461h_progressive.webp
2、配置网关、DNS(跨网段访问才需要配置网关,外网访问才需要DNS,家庭自用可跳过 )
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/752525fce6b73c92ddd56d67cb321165f507b14e.png@942w_461h_progressive.webp
3、存储 - 池 - 添加 - 创建池
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/2f3d70e23f9973231ebb816d010604b1f3427fc9.png@942w_228h_progressive.webp
4、存储池名称 - 推荐布局 - 创建
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/e7ccc5a8f242b14f440283844b6c60d99cc83513.png@942w_450h_progressive.webp
5、 账户 - 用户 - 创建新用户
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/346e68a7a211c17937d6c418d618728aa0c97521.png@942w_327h_progressive.webp
6、共享 - windows共享 - 选择共享的文件 - 提交
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/6e84f373dd5847cd3e735c456b309cd4b8e2902b.png@942w_350h_progressive.webp
7、按 win+R 打开运行界面,输入 \\+IP
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/0022483a4b78140bde52e07a9617f101286dba8e.png@620w_356h_progressive.webp
   或者直接在资源管理器输入也行
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/c33c2339170c0abd40da742ea8f0b458db10a35a.png@909w_417h_progressive.webp
8、NAS文件:右键,选择 - 映射网络驱动
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/68ac83f4fd93339539f79e95de3022ff1e2def1d.png@663w_683h_progressive.webp
8.2、自己选择一个驱动号(就是C D E 盘的意思)
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/77b431e10a3f6c5825c9086c0e2234d47b844de7.png@918w_690h_progressive.webp
大功告成,你可以在资源管理器里像普通硬盘一样使用它了
https://i0.hdslb.com/bfs/article/298c28548d0351b2ea0f1831e1e54c720c601835.png@942w_449h_progressive.webp
参考资料:https://www.nasgeek.cn/docs/docs/truenas-hub/


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